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But how do you create a system Which Has a decentralized ledger How do you give someone the ability to upgrade the ledger without giving them too much powerin case they become corrupt or negligent in their work
Well, Bitcoins rulesalso known as the Bitcoin protocolsolves this in a Really creative way I like to phone Who Wants to Be a Banker
In a nutshell, anyone who wants to participate in updating the ledger of all Bitcoin transactions, known as the blockchain, can do this. All you need is to suppose a random number that solves an equation generated by the computer system. Sounds simple, right
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Obviously, this guessing is all done by your computer. The stronger your computer is, the further supposes you can make in a second, increasing your chances of winning this game. If you manage to figure right, you earn bitcoins and get to write the next page of Bitcoin transactions on the blockchain. .
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1. Once your mining computer comes up with the right guess, your mining program determines which of the current pending transactions will be grouped together into the next block of transactions. Compiling this cube represents your moment of glory, as youve now become a temporary banker of Bitcoin who gets to update the Bitcoin transaction ledger known as the blockchain. .
2. The block youve created, along with your solution, is sent to the whole network so other computers can validate it. Its a bit similar to some Rubiks cube: The solution is very hard to attain but very easy to validate.
3. Each computer that validates your solution updates its copy of this Bitcoin transaction ledger together with the transactions you opted to include in the cube.
4. The machine generates a predetermined amount of bitcoins (currently 12.5) and benefits them to you as compensation for time and energy you spent solving the math issue.
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5. Additionally, you get paid any transaction fees which were attached to the transactions you inserted into the next block.
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6. Each of the transactions in the block youve only entered are now confirmed by the Bitcoin network and therefore are virtually irreversible.
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So thats Bitcoin mining in a nutshell. Its called mining because of the fact that this procedure helps mine new Bitcoins from the computer system. But if you think about it, the mining part is merely a by-product of this transaction confirmation process. Therefore the name is somewhat misleading, since the main objective of mining is to maintain the ledger in a decentralized manner. .
As you can imagine, since mining is based on a type of guessing, for each block, a different miner will suppose the number and be granted the right to update the blockchain. Of course, the miners with computing power will succeed more often, but due to the law of statistical probability, its highly unlikely that the exact same miner will succeed every time. .
Now that you know what Bitcoin mining is, you might be thinking, Cool! Free money! Where do I sign up Well, not so fast
Satoshi Nakamoto, who invented Bitcoin, crafted the rules for mining in a way that the further mining energy the network gets, the harder it is to imagine the answer to the mining mathematics issue. Therefore the difficulty of this mining process is actually self-adjusting to the gathered mining power the network possesses. .
If more miners join, it will get more difficult to address the problem; when many of them fall off, it is going to get easier. This is known as mining difficulty.
Now, remember, this is on average. We can have two cubes being added minute after minute and then wait an hour to the next block. In the long run, this may even out to ten minutes on average.
As you can imagine, this type of self-adjusting mechanism has created a sort of arms race to get the most efficient and powerful miners as soon as possible.
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When Bitcoin first started out, there werent a lot of miners on the market. In reality, Satoshi, the inventor of Bitcoin, and his friend Hal Finney were a few the only individuals mining Bitcoin back at the time with their own personal computers.
Using your CPU (central processing unityour computers brain and an integrated component in any computer) was enough for mining Bitcoin back in 2009, since mining issue was low. As Bitcoin began to catch on, people looked for more powerful mining solutions.