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But how do you create a system Which Has a decentralized ledger How do you give someone the ability to update the ledger without giving them a lot of powerin case they become corrupt or negligent in their work
Well, Bitcoins rulesalso known as the Bitcoin protocolsolves this in a Really creative way I love to phone Who Wants to Be a Banker
In a nutshell, anyone who wants to take part in updating the ledger of Bitcoin transactions, known as the blockchain, can do this. Whatever you need is to guess a random number that solves an equation generated by the system. Sounds easy, right
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Obviously, this guessing is done by your PC. The stronger your computer is, the more guesses you can make in a second, increasing your chances of winning this match. If you manage to guess correctly, you earn bitcoins and have to write the next page of Bitcoin transactions on the blockchain. .
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1. Once your mining computer comes up with the ideal guess, your mining program determines which of these current pending transactions will be grouped together into the next block of transactions. Compiling this cube represents your moment of glory, as youve now develop into a temporary banker of Bitcoin who gets to upgrade the Bitcoin transaction ledger known as the blockchain. .
2. The block youve generated, along with your solution, is sent to the whole network so other computers can validate it. Its somewhat similar to some Rubiks cube: The solution is very tough to achieve but quite easy to validate.
3. Every computer which validates your solution upgrades its copy of the Bitcoin transaction ledger with the transactions you opted to include in the cube.
4. The system generates a predetermined amount of bitcoins (currently 12.5) and rewards them to you as compensation for the time and energy you spent solving the math problem.
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5. Additionally, you get paid any transaction fees which were attached to the transactions you inserted into the next block.
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6. Each of the transactions in the cube youve only entered are now confirmed by the Bitcoin network and are virtually irreversible.
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So thats Bitcoin mining in a nutshell. Its called mining because of the fact that this procedure helps mine new Bitcoins from the system. But if you think about it, the mining component is just a by-product of this transaction confirmation procedure. Therefore that the name is a bit misleading, since the main objective of mining is to maintain the ledger in a decentralized manner. .
As you can sites imagine, since mining is based on a form of guessing, for each block, a different miner will suppose the number and be granted the right to upgrade the blockchain. Of course, that the miners with more computing power will succeed more often, but on account of the regulation of statistical probability, its highly unlikely that the exact same miner will succeed every time. .
Now that you know what Bitcoin mining is, you might be thinking, Cool! Free money! Where do I sign up Well, not so fast
Satoshi Nakamoto, who invented Bitcoin, crafted the rules for mining in a way that the more mining power the network has, the harder it is to guess the answer to the mining math problem. So that the difficulty of this mining process is really self-adjusting to the gathered mining power the network possesses. .
If more miners join, it is going to get more difficult to address the problem; when many of them drop off, it will get easier. This can be known as mining issue.
Now, remember, this is on average. We can have two cubes being inserted minute after minute and then wait an hour to the next block. In the long run, this may even out to ten minutes on average.
As you can imagine, this kind of self-adjusting mechanism has made a type of arms race to acquire the most efficient and powerful miners as soon as possible.
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When Bitcoin first started out, there werent a lot of miners out there. In fact, Satoshi, the inventor of Bitcoin, and also his friend Hal Finney were a couple of the only individuals mining Bitcoin back at the time with their own personal computers.
Using your CPU (central processing unityour computers brain and an integrated component in any computer) was enough for mining Bitcoin back in 2009, since mining difficulty was low. Since Bitcoin started to catch on, people looked for more powerful mining solutions.