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But how can you create a system Which Has a decentralized ledger How do you give someone the ability to upgrade the ledger without giving them a lot of powerin case they become corrupt or negligent in their work
Well, Bitcoins rulesalso known as the Bitcoin protocolsolves that in a very creative way I love to phone Who Wants to Be a Banker
In a nutshell, anyone who wants to take part in updating the ledger of Bitcoin transactions, known as the blockchain, can do this. All you need is to guess a random number that solves an equation generated by the system. Sounds simple, right
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Of course, this guessing is all done by your PC. The more powerful your computer is, the further guesses you can make in one second, increasing your chances of winning this game. If you manage to guess right, you earn bitcoins and get to write the next page of Bitcoin transactions on the blockchain. .
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1. Once your mining computer comes up with the right guess, your mining system determines which of these current pending transactions will be grouped together into the next block of transactions. Compiling this block represents your moment of glory, as youve now become a temporary banker of Bitcoin who gets to upgrade the Bitcoin transaction ledger known as the blockchain. .
2. The block youve generated, along with your solution, is sent to the whole network so other computers can validate it. Its somewhat similar to some Rubiks cube: The solution is quite hard to attain but quite easy to validate.
3. Every computer that validates your solution updates its copy of the Bitcoin transaction ledger with the transactions you opted to include in the block.
4. The machine generates a fixed amount of bitcoins (currently 12.5) and benefits them as compensation for time and energy you spent solving the math issue.
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5. Additionally, you get paid any transaction fees that were attached to the transactions you inserted into the next block.
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6. All the transactions in the block youve only entered are now confirmed from the Bitcoin network and therefore are virtually irreversible.
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Therefore thats Bitcoin mining in a nutshell. Its called mining because of the simple fact that this process helps mine new Bitcoins from the computer system. But if you think about it, the mining component is merely a by-product of this transaction confirmation procedure. Therefore that the name is a bit misleading, since the main goal of mining is to maintain the ledger in a decentralized manner. .
As you can imagine, since mining is based on a type of guessing, for every block, a different miner will suppose the number and also be granted the right to update the blockchain. Of course, that the miners with computing power will succeed more often, but on account of the regulation of statistical probability, its highly unlikely that the same miner will succeed every time. .
Now you know what Bitcoin mining is, you might be thinking, Cool! Free money! Where do I sign up Well, not so fast
Satoshi Nakamoto, who invented Bitcoin, crafted the rules for mining in a manner that the further mining energy the network gets, the harder it is to imagine the answer to the mining mathematics issue. Therefore the difficulty of this mining process is really self-adjusting into the accumulated mining capability the network possesses. .
If more miners join, it is going to get harder to address the issue; if many of them fall off, it is going to get easier. This is known as mining issue.
Now, rememberthis is on average. We can have two cubes being inserted minute after minute and then wait an hour for the next block. In the long run, this will even out to ten minutes on average.
As you can imagine, this type of self-adjusting mechanism has made a sort of arms race to acquire the most efficient and strong miners as soon as possible.
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When Bitcoin first started out, there werent a lot of miners on the market. In fact, Satoshi, the inventor of Bitcoin, and his friend Hal Finney were a couple of the only individuals mining Bitcoin back at the time using their own personal computers.
Using your CPU (central you could try these out processing unityour computers brain and an integrated component in any computer) was enough for mining Bitcoin back in 2009, since mining difficulty was reduced. As Bitcoin started to catch on, folks looked for more potent mining solutions.